Jodhpur is the
second largest city of the state of Rajasthan. It has been
drawing the attention of tourists from all over the world.
Standing as the sentinel of the country's western border, Jodhpur
is famous for its magnificent forts and palaces and
Havelis,which stand testimony to the imperial grandeur. The
most alluring part of Jodhpur is the traditional lifestyle,
festivity and the smiling people who treasure this former
Jodhpur is situated at the edge of the Thar Desert with
Jaisalmer on its west, Barmar, Jalor and Pali on its south,
Bikaner on its north, and Nagaur on the eastern side and
Nagaur on the eastern side. The ideal time to visit this
place is the period between November and March. The city is
like an oasis in the vast desert, with a variety of thorny
shrubs all over the area. It also has some of the animal
species that can survive in an arid and dry environment.
History Of Jodhpur
The Rajput chief Rao Jodha founded the city of Jodhpur in
1459. Earlier, it was the capital of the Marwar state of
Rajasthan. A 10-km-long wall made of stone surrounds the
city. Eight doors stand all through the wall leading to
different places of Jodhpur. The city has about 100 towers
most of which are surrounded by defensive battlements. The
guards' chambers, constructed high up above the ground and
fitted with iron spikes on top, could be seen alongside
Places Of Interest ( Jodhpur)
Situated on a steep hill, Mehrangarh fort is
one of the largest forts in India. The beauty and the
grandeur of numerous palaces in the fort narrates a saga of
hard sandstones yielding to the chisels of skilled Jodhpuri
sculptures. Inside the fort, there is a series of courtyards
Umaid Bhawan Palace
Built of marble and pink sandstone, this immense palace is
also known as the Chittar Palace because of the local
Chittar sandstone used. The only palace built in 20th
century under the famine relief programme, has now been
converted into a hotel with some parts being retained as a
This white marble memorial to Maharaja Jaswant Singh II is a
short distance from the fort, just off the fort road. The
cenotaph, built in 1899, was followed by the royal
crematorium and three other cenotaphs which stand nearby.
There is some beautiful marble jali work and fine views from
the terrace in front of the cenotaph.
museum has a rich collection of weapons, textiles, miniature
portraits, local crafts and images of Jain Tirthankars. It
is situated in the middle of the Umaid public gardens.
Built in 1812, this is an old walled town with few hundred
houses. The temple with 84 beautifully carved pillars is an
An artificial lake on the Jaisalmer road. An idyllic picnic
spot with spectacular sunsets.
Nearby Places (Jodhpur)
Towards the north of Jodhpur is the ancient capital of
Marwar, Mandore. It is just 8 kms from the city. Main
attractions of the place are hall of Heroes where sixteen
huge figures which have been carved out of a single rock,
the shrine of 330 million Gods and the royal cenotaphs. But
one can not miss the caves in crags and the sprawling
gardens, which are now shelter place for monkeys and
It is 65 Kms from Jodhpur. This city is famous for
Brahmanical and Jain temples, which belong to 8th and 11th
century. The Jain Mahavir Temple is is unique among the
Osian temples, with the vaulted design of its hall-ceiling.Surya
or Sun temple and the Sachiya temples are famous for their
The villages are inhabitated by the Bishnoi tribe who are
staunch believers in the animal life. Villages are marked by
Khejri trees and deers which thrive there. It is 25 kms from
Balsamand Palace & Maha Mandir
Maha Mandir is about 4 kms north-east of the city.It is
built around a 100 - pillared Shiva temple. Balsamand is a
comfortable and serene hotel. Summer palaces along the
embankment and a bird sanctuary has made it a picnic spot.
Sardar Samand Lake and Palace
The route to this wildlife centre, 66 kms south-east of
Jodhpur, passes through a number of colourful little
villages. Some of the wildlife to be seen at the lake
includes blackbuck, chinkara and a variety of birdlife.
Sardar Samand Palace, formerly the maharaja of Jodhpur's
summer palace, has now been converted into a hotel.
How to Reach
Air : Indian Airlines connect Jodhpur with Jaipur,
Delhi, Udaipur and Bombay.
Rail : Jodhpur is connected by rail with Jaisalmer,
Bikaner, Jaipur, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Abu Road, Bombay via
Ahmedabad Barmer and Udaipur via Marwar.
Road : By road Jodhpur to Agra 577 kms, Ajmer 198 kms,
Barmer 220 kms, Bikaner 240 kms, Bombay 1073 kms, Delhi 592
kms, Jaipur 343 kms, Jaisalmer 290 kms, Mount Abu 264 kms,
Udaipur 275 kms, Ranakpur 175 kms.
Bus : Regular bus services available from Jodhpur to
Ahmedabad, Ajmer, Jaipur, Udaipur, Jaisalmer, Bikaner,
Ranakpur and Nathdwara.