also known as the City of Lakes, is a city, a Municipal
Council and the administrative headquarters of the Udaipur
district in the state of Rajasthan in western India. The
founder of Udaipur was Rana Udai Singh, father of Maharana
Pratap. The ancient capital of Mewar was Nagda, located on
the Banas River northeast of Udaipur. Legend has it that
Maharana Udai Singh came upon a hermit while hunting in the
foothills of the Aravalli Range. The hermit blessed the king
and asked him to build a palace on the spot and it would be
well protected. Udai Singh established a residence there. In
1568 the Mughal emperor Akbar captured Chittor, and Udai
Singh moved the capital to the site of his residence, which
became the city of Udaipur. As the Mughal empire weakened,
the Sisodia ranas, and later maharan as, reasserted their
independence and recaptured most of Mewar except the fort of
Chittor. Udaipur remained the capital of the state, which
became a princely state of British India in 1818. After
India's Independence in 1947, the Maharaja of Udaipur
acceded to the Government of India, and Mewar was integrated
into India's Rajasthan state.
Tourist Attractions in Udaipur
City Palace :
Standing on the east bank of lake Pichola, is a massive
series of palaces built at different times from 1559 A.D.
The balconies of the palace provide panoramic views of "Jag
Niwas" (the world wide famous Lake palace hotel), Jag Mandir
on one side and on the other the city of Udaipur. Its main
entrance is through the triple-arched gate - the Tripolia,
built in 1725. The way now leads to a series of courtyards,
overlapping parations, terraces, corridors and gardens - a
harmonic profusion hard to describe. There is a Suraj Gokhda,
where the maharanas of Mewar presented themselves in the
times of trouble to the people to restore confidence.
City Palace and Museum :
Pratap Museum, While entering the City palace the straight
way go to the Government Pratap Museum housed with old
sculptures and inscriptions. The antique paintings of Mewar,
the turban of prince Khurram later on called Shah Jahan, who
built world famous Taj Mahal has also been displayed here as
a token of friendship of Maharana Khazan Singh. Next to
Fateh Prakash Palace, houses beautiful glass and mirror
Lake Palace :
Originally known as the Jag Niwas, took three years to build
and was inaugurated in 1746. Nothing but marble is used in
the composition of this palace. It is now a luxury hotel.
Jag Mandir :
Another island in the Lake Pichola, which is known for its
beautiful garden courtyard. Shah Jahan took refuge here
while revolting against his father.
Bharatiya Lok Kala Mandal :
An excellent museum of folk arts. Also hosts great puppet
shows in its auditorium.
Maharana Pratap Memorial or Moti Magri :
Atop the Moti Magri or Pearl Hill, overlooking the Fateh
Sagar Lake is the memorial of the Rajput hero Maharana
Pratap with a bronze statue of the Maharana astride his
favourite horse "Chetak".
Sajjangarh Fort :
The summer resort of the Maharajas is atop the hill
overlooking all the lakes. This palace had an ingenious way
to collect rain water for consumption all year around.
Udaipur is the jewel of Mewar kingdom ruled by the Sisodia
dynasty for 1200 Years. The foundation of the city has an
interesting legend associated with it. According to it,
Maharana Udai Singh, the founder, was hunting one day when
he met a holy man meditations on a hill overlooking the Lake
Pichhola. The hermit blessed the Maharana and advised him to
build a palace at this favorable located spot with a fertile
valley watered by the stream, a lake, an agreeable altitude
and an amphitheater of low mountains. Maharana followed the
advise of the hermit and founded the city in 1559 A.D.
Udaipur is well connected to all the major cities which
includes Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Jodhpur, Jaipur.
Rajasthan Roadways run very comfortable deluxe & air
conditioned buses from Jaipur, Delhi, Ahmedabad to Udaipur.
The roads are very good, and it takes around 8-9 hr. from
Jaipur. You can also come by taxi from Jaipur and Ahmedabad.
Udaipur is connected to many major cities of India. There
are daily trains from Delhi, Jaipur.The best train between
Delhi and Udaipur, the daily Chetak Express. Trains take
around 12 Hrs from Jaipur to Udaipur.
Udaipur has a reasonably good city bus service. Taxi and
auto - rickshaws are un metered. Udaipur is small enough and
vehicle traffic slow enough to make getting around on a
bicycle quite enjoyable. You can hire bicycles all over
town. RTDC and several private companies offer daily tours
of all the main sites